Getting to Know the Different Types of Laser Cutting Machines


Just as with any other process or technology, laser machines are more than just an alternative to other types of cutting. Their use has grown and now provide unique uses that make them stand out as a practical option for manufacturers and individuals alike. While it is possible to learn more about the types of laser cutters by contacting Boss Laser, some of the most popular options are also highlighted below.

Gas Lasers

A gas laser is more commonly referred to as a CO2 laser. The cutting process uses a carbon dioxide mixed laser. The carbon dioxide mixture is electrically stimulated, which makes this an effective process.

Gas laser cutting was first used in 1964 but, at that time, it could not cut metal. Since then, technology has evolved and it can now cut metals, as well. While this is true, it is better suited for non-metal materials. The gas laser cutter has a wavelength of 10.6 micrometres and is commonly used in industrial and medical settings.

With gas laser cutting, nitrogen is also used. This works well with some metals, such as aluminium and steel, but it is necessary to make sure the nitrogen being used is pure. If this care is not taken, it may cause the metal being worked on to be oxidized.

Crystal Lasers

A crystal laser is a process that is made out of nd:YVO and nd:YAG. The crystals are members of the solid-state group and provide very high-powered cutting. This cutting method works with both metal and non-metal materials.

Like gas cutting, crystal laser cutting also dates back to 1964 and was created in the same labs as the gas lasers. This type of laser has a wavelength of 1.064 micrometres and is useful for many applications, from manufacturing and military uses to dentistry and medical applications.

One of the main drawbacks of crystal laser machines is that they are expensive. Also, the crystal laser has a shorter lifespan than the other options.

Fiber Lasers

There are two types of fiber lasers, including pulsed fiber lasers and continuous wave fiber. These are similar to the crystal process because the optic fiber is also part of the solid-state group and the wavelength is the same at 1.064 micrometres.

One of the main benefits offered by fiber laser cutting is that the machines have a longer service life than the other ones listed here. Also, there are two different cutting types. Another benefit is that the maintenance for these laser cutters is minimal, and if something breaks, replacing it should not be very expensive.

Choosing the Right Laser Cutter

When someone is trying to choose the right laser cutter for their needs and application, it is a good idea to keep the information here in mind. Knowing the different types that are available will help anyone find a laser cutter that meets their needs and provide the desired results for their project or job. Keep this in mind when shopping for a laser cutter to achieve the best results.